French Writing Text Types

IB Language B Writing formats


formal_letter.jpg
Formal letters
Features:
  • Addresses—optional
  • Date—recommended (according to conventions of the language)
  • Greeting
  • Standard formulaic introduction where applicable. This will vary from language to language. For example, French and Spanish use set forms of salutation that are very formal and very different from forms commonly used in English.
  • Closing salutation
  • Appropriate sign off
  • Use of paragraphs
  • Formal register; no slang or other informal language allowed

LES TROIS GRANDS TYPES DE CV

LE FOND-il faut avoir ces parties du CV

Comment faire un CV: une vidéo
Bons exemples de CV au centre de la page-examinez tous
Exemple 1 CV
Exemple 2 CV
Exemple 3 CV
Exemple 4 CV
Beaucoup d'exemples pour les professions variées (une banque de CV)
Items that may be included in a career portfolio
Dites la verité dans ton CV-regarde une emission de "Friends" en français

UNE LETTRE DE MOTIVATION EFFICACE--les détails importants

Bons exemples de lettres de motivations-examinez les 6 lettres au centre de la page

Exemple 1 Lettre
Exemple 2 Lettre
Exemple 3 Lettre
Formal letter
More formal letter samples
Formal letter sample #1
Formal letter #2
Writing letters in French
Sample letters
Excellent explanation of letters, etc. from Oxford press

Courrier électronique (e-mail)

Comment commencer et terminer un courrier électronique
Les conseils pour un e-maill-un podcast
Statement to police
Features:
  • Chronological order of events
  • Emphasis on facts not opinions
  • Person writing statement should identify himself or herself
  • Concise, to the point
  • People involved
  • Place
  • Time
Example:
You were in Japan and something happened to you. Write your statement to the police about the incident, including what happened, where you were, who was involved.

Informal letter
  • Addresses—not required
  • Some form of greeting required
  • Date—optional
  • Punctuation—some required
  • Paragraphing—necessary, but no prescribed number, depends on task set (emails have fewer paragraphing issues)
  • Closing salutation necessary
  • Name and signature
  • Contractions and abbreviations acceptable
  • “Smileys” and/or similar emoticons acceptable
  • Words in text message (SMS) form not acceptable
  • Strictly no swear words; extreme or inappropriate language to be penalized
Talk, speech
Talk
  • Generally more informal.
  • Relates to the presentation of information, although this is not necessarily exclusive.
  • There may be references to an audience.
  • There should be appropriate greetings and closing remarks.
Speech
  • Generally formal with emphasis on persuasive argument (for example, wedding speech, leaving speech, political speech).
  • May be backed up by factual information.
The correct use of rhetorical devices should be rewarded under criterion
Letter to a newspaper
This is a very language-specific form and it is necessary to conform to the conventions of the target language.
  • A letter to a school newspaper is more appropriate.
  • statement of problem
  • justification
  • example
  • suggested solution(s).
The use of the correct cultural form and the communicative value of the writing should be rewarded.

Analysis and critique

Review of film, book or play
  • A review should not retell the plot, but should include an amount of information appropriate to the task; include the genre, for example.
  • Opinion and evaluation should be given, concluding with a recommendation (which may be implicit).
The following Internet sites provide a variety of film reviews that might be used as models or as resources for the classroom.

journal intime

A journal intime is intimate and introspective, not meant to be read by anyone else but the writer. A diary is used to express feelings and is reflective and often emotional. The language of a diary will reflect some of these aspects.
Journal
A journal usually consists of entries where a certain activity is recorded and might be read by other people, other than the writer. Entries in journals usually have dates. The tone is formal, and while there is narration and description, a certain amount of personal reflection should be expected and even rewarded.

Interviews/dialogues

In English, an interview should be reported; a transcription of the interview will not achieve high marks. This is a characteristic of English and must not be applied in other languages.

Newspaper/magazine reports

News stories should have a headline or at least a very clear title; there should be some sort of lead. These reports should be well organized and should clearly make references to the people involved, the time and place.

Leaflet/brochure/pamphlet

For the purpose of paper 2 these names are interchangeable. The text types will have the same characteristics.

Editorials

An editorial includes comments on recent news. It should be topical and should express a very clear opinion.

Digital texts

Emails and blogs will be accepted as legitimate types of texts to be used on paper 2.
The characteristics of these types of texts do not differ too much from informal letters and diaries; therefore, the same requirements apply.
In the same paper there will not be one activity requesting an informal letter and another one requesting an email.
This does not mean that emails and/or blogs are obligatory text types for paper 2.

More letter information:

How to Write Letters in French

Today, I'm going to tell you about writing letters in French. Everything written in French tends to be more formal than in English; business letters, emails... and there are some quite archaic formulas that are still very much used nowadays.

1- What title should you start your letter with?

If you don't know who you are writing to, start your letters by "Messieurs".

If you are adressing your letter to "le Responsable des livraisons" but you still don't know his/her name, start your letter with "Monsieur," (even if you don't know wether the person is a man or a woman).

If you know the name of the person, start your letter by "Monsieur X, or Madame X,".

If it is someone you know, you met, or if you are answering to someone who wrote you first, then you can start with "Cher Monsieur X," or "Chère Madame X,".

If it's a friend, start with "Cher Pierre," " Chère Anne,".

Never write (Cher) Monsieur Pierre, nor (Cher) Monsieur Pierre X.

2- Finishing a letter properly in French can be tricky

A typical way to introduce the ending greeting for a business letter is "dans l'attente de vous lire, je vous...."

If it's VERY formal, write: "Je vous prie d'agréer, repeat the title as you started your letter, l'expression de mes salutations distinguées."

If it's VERY formal, but you are the one providing the service or the good, write: "Je vous prie d'agréer, repeat the title as you started your letter, l'expression de mes salutations dévouées."

A bit less formal: "Je vous prie d'agréer, repeat the title as you started your letter, l'expression de mes meilleures salutations."

Still formal but you know the person - not a friend, but it's a personal relationship, not business:
"Je vous prie d'agréer, repeat the title as you started your letter, l'expression de mes sentiments distingués."
For exemple, you are writing to the oncle of your friend, to thank him for giving you the name of a plummer. And they are a very formal family:
"Je vous prie d'agréer, Cher Monsieur Dupont (or even Cher Frank if you are on a first name basis), l'espression de mes sentiments distingués."

One step less formal, good for emails (note these end on the comma):
"Meilleures salutations,"
"Salutations distinguées,"

If it's a not too formal situation, you can write:
"Cordialement," this is kind of like "regards" to "warm regards"

With acquaintances, or formal friends, you write:
"Amicalement," or "Je vous adresse toute mon amitié,"

With friends and family your write:
"Je vous/ t' embrasse (bien fort)," or "Gros bisous," , "Grosses bises," or
"Bisous," (kisses)

Final recommendation

The language is expected to be appropriate to the situation. Informal language is expected in certain tasks and good use of idiomatic expressions will be accepted and rewarded in some cases; however, use of slang or inappropriate language may be penalized.

General information: General advice on writing in French
Simple writing formats


Exemple 4 Lettre: external image pdf.png fcoveringletter.pdf
La lettre exercise